David Letterman has his Top 1- list and so does OSHA! Even though it is 2020, the most recent year for which OSHA has released its top 10 most frequently cited violations of OSHA standards for all companies and industries in is 2015. OSHA made approximately 94,000 citations in 2015. This list of top 10 accounts for almost half of all violations issued by OSHA. Here it is with the regulation, a link to the exact language of the regulation and citation, a general description and the total of penalties assessed (the number of assessments is from 2015: (sources OSHA.gov, : National Safety Council) for Fiscal 2015 (Oct. 1, 2014, to Sept. 30, 2015). The NSC notes that the number of top 10 violations has increased almost 30 percent over the same time period of the prior year .
1. 1926.501 – Fall Protection (Construction standard) – 8,241 violations. Any time a worker is at a height of four feet or more, the worker is at risk and needs to be protected. Fall protection must be provided at four feet in general industry, five feet in maritime and six feet in construction.
2. 1910.1200 – Hazard Communication – 6,156 violations – Chemical manufacturers and importers are required to evaluate the hazards of the chemicals they produce or import, and prepare labels and safety data sheets to convey the hazard information to their downstream customers.
3. 1926.451 – Scaffolding5,423 (Construction standard) – 5,423 violations – Scaffold accidents most often result from the planking or support giving way, or from the employee slipping or being struck by a falling object.
4. 1910.134 – Respiratory Protection – 3,879 violations – Respirators protect workers against insufficient oxygen environments, harmful dusts, fogs, smokes, mists, gases, vapors and sprays. These hazards may cause cancer, lung impairment, other diseases or death.
5. 1910.147 – Lockout/Tagout – 3,254 violations – “Lockout-Tag out” refers to specific practices and procedures to safeguard employees from the unexpected startup of machinery and equipment, or the release of hazardous energy during service or maintenance activities.
6. 1910.178 – Powered Industrial Trucks – 3,340 violations – Each year, thousands of injuries related to powered industrial trucks (PIT), or forklifts, occur in US workplaces. Many employees are injured when lift trucks are inadvertently driven off loading docks, lifts fall between docks and an unsecured trailer, they are struck by a lift truck, or when they fall while on elevated pallets and tines.
7. 1926.1053 – Ladders (Construction standard) – 3,311 violations – Occupational fatalities caused by falls remain a serious public health problem. The US Department of Labor (DOL) lists falls as one of the leading causes of traumatic occupational death, accounting for eight percent of all occupational fatalities from trauma.
8. 1910.305 – Electrical, Wiring Methods – 3,452 violations – Working with electricity can be dangerous. Engineers, electricians and other professionals work with electricity directly, including working on overhead lines, cable harnesses, and circuit assemblies. Others, such as office workers and sales people, work with electricity indirectly and may also be exposed to electrical hazards.
9. 1910.212 – Machine Guarding – 2,701 violations – Any machine part, function, or process that may cause injury must be safeguarded. When the operation of a machine or accidental contact injures the operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards must be eliminated or controlled.
10. 1910.303 – Electrical, General Requirements – 2,745 violations – Working with electricity can be dangerous. Engineers, electricians, and other professionals work with electricity directly, including working on overhead lines, cable harnesses, and circuit assemblies. Others, such as office workers and sales people, work with electricity indirectly and may also be exposed to electrical hazards.